In UAE, a credit card holder who fails to pay three consecutive monthly bills or six non-consecutive bills may be considered as a defaulter. It’s worth noting that defaulting on a credit card debt can lead to legal action and may result in arrest in some cases. This is in accordance with Article 4(4) of the Personal Loan Agreement format of Loan Agreements Formats Approved by the Central Bank of UAE.
Therefore, in case of a default, a lender may choose to deposit your security cheque(s) for collection (if any). If the said security cheques are dishonoured due to insufficiency of funds, a lender may file an execution case against you along with a request to impose a travel ban in accordance with provisions of Federal Decree Law No. 14 of 2020.
Based on the case filed by a lender, the court may approve the request and impose a travel ban on you. Thereafter, upon completion of 15 days from the date of notifying you, a lender may commence the relevant execution procedures against you in court and request to issue an arrest warrant against you.
Further, you can approach a court of competent jurisdiction for voluntary settlement of your debts with your creditor or commence insolvency proceedings against you as per the provisions of UAE Insolvency Law which applies to individuals in the UAE. However, it is at the discretion of the such court to consider your application for voluntary settlement of debts or commence insolvency proceedings against you and the lender may still consider filing criminal and/or civil proceedings against you if the voluntary settlement of debts or insolvency proceedings against you are not approved by the court.